Performance measures are used to quantitatively assess the implementation and outcomes of educational systems. When property defined, they can provide useful information on how well schools and programs are performing and whether educators are meeting their instructional goals. Performance measures also can be used to determine if and where program improvements are needed.
All federal legislation relies on performance measures to hold educators accountable for their results. The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1998 (Perkins) includes four core indicators to assess state and local progress in improving the secondary and postsecondary outcomes of students who pursue vocational education:
- Attainment of challenging state established academic and vocational and technical skill proficiencies.
- Attainment of a secondary school diploma or its equivalent, or a postsecondary degree or credential.
- Placement in, retention in, and completion of postsecondary education or advanced training, placement in military service, or placement and retention in employment.
- Participation in and completion of vocational and technical education programs leading to nontraditional training and employment.